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Special Education » General Information

General Information


504 Services Psychological Services
Destruction of Special Education Records Roane County Gifted Services
Disability Categories Special Education Commonly Used Terms
Homebound System-wide Special Education Transition Leader


504 Services

The Rehabilitation Act of 1973, commonly referred to as Section 504, is a nondiscrimination statute enacted by the United States Congress. The purpose of the Act is to prohibit discrimination and to assure that disabled students have educational opportunities and benefits equal to those provided to non-disabled students.

An eligible student under Section 504 is a student who (a) has, (b) has a record of having, or (c) is regarded as having, a physical or mental impairment which substantially limits a major life activity such as learning, self-care, walking, seeing, hearing, speaking, breathing, working and performing manual tasks.


Destruction of Special Education Records

Special Education Records will be kept for three years past Roane County School’s last contact with the student (i.e. graduated, dropped out, aged out, etc.). At the end of each school year an advertisement will be run in the local newspaper notifying parents/students that special education records will be destroyed. This notice will include a contact number for parents to call to obtain a copy of the records before they are destroyed. Currently all special education records for students with a birth year of 1991 or older have been destroyed.


Disability Categories

  • Specific Learning Disability
  • Intellectually Disabled
  • Intellectually Gifted
  • Speech Impairment
  • Language Impairment
  • Emotional Disturbance
  • Autism
  • Other - Health Impairment
  • Orthopedic Impairment
  • Deafness
  • Hearing Impairment
  • Blind
  • Visual Impairment
  • Deaf-Blindness
  • Multiple Disabilities
  • Functional Delay
  • Traumatic Brain Injury


Student Rights – Individuals with Disabilities Education Act – Notice of Procedural Safeguards, Tennessee Department of Education, Division o f Special Education, May 2016.






The purpose of homebound instruction is to provide an appropriate program for students who will be absent from school due to doctor approved medical conditions more than two weeks. To begin the process for homebound, parents need to contact their child’s school for the homebound application.



Psychological Services

Roane County School Psychologists are experts in psychology and education who serve children in the school setting. These services include:

  • consulting with parents, teachers, administrators and other professionals in the community to enhance services to students
  • identifying the special needs of students and helping to plan their educational program
  • individual or group counseling
  • educating youth in study skills, test-taking skills, social skills, stress management and/or conflict resolution
  • Psychological/Academic Assessment
  • teacher in-service
  • parent training workshops
  • developing crisis management teams
  • assisting schools to be in compliance with procedural safeguards



Roane County Gifted Services 

Roane County Schools provides several types of services for students identified as eligible for gifted services. At the elementary and middle school levels, enrichment programs are provided per IEP team decision.

  • activities to extend achievement beyond expectations in the regular classroom
  • emphasis on higher cognitive levels of analysis, synthesis of information, and evaluation of knowledge learned
  • field trips and other resources to further enrich the gifted curriculum
  • social interaction with peers of equal abilities provided through group dynamics


At the high school level consultation services are provided per IEP team decisions.

  • emphasis on the preparation and transition for college
  • independent study
  • resume planning
  • competitions
  • analyzing and solving complex problems
  • college visits to make students aware of the variety of choices provided in Tennessee, while helping them determine their correct college fit


Special Education Commonly Used Terms

  • Evaluation: A procedure used to determine whether a child has a disability and the nature and extent of the special education and related services that the child needs.
  • FAPE: Free (at no cost to parents), Appropriate (suited to the individual needs of the child), Public (provided by, or paid for by, the public school system) Education.
  • Individualized Education Program (IEP): A written plan for a child with a disability that is developed and implemented according to federal and state regulations.
  • Least Restrictive Environment (LRE): Means to the maximum extent appropriate, children with disabilities, including children in public or private institutions or other care facilities, are educated with children who are non-disabled; and the special classes, separate schooling, or other removal of children with disabilities from the regular educational environment occur only when the nature or severity of the disability is such that education in regular classes with the use of supplementary aids and services cannot be achieved satisfactorily.


System-wide Special Education Transition Leader

The Transition Leader travels to each high school, middle school, and the Midtown Educational Center weekly. Goals of the transition leader include:

  • ensure transition plans are in compliance with state requirements
  • research and choose curriculum and materials to support transition topics taught in middle and high school special education classes
  • provide current training for teachers regarding the TCAP-Alt. portfolios
  • review data folders for the middle and high school students